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Cottonseeds in Pakistan and Xinjiang can be complementary
发布日期:2021-04-28       发布人:马咏梅      


 近日,自治区棉花专家、我校农学院副院长陈全家教授就中国和巴基斯坦在棉花领域的合作、两国的棉花种植技术等内容,特邀接受了中国经济网媒体记者采访。4月7日,中国经济网刊发《Cottonseeds  in Pakistan and Xinjiang can be complementary》《巴基斯坦棉籽与新疆棉籽可互补发展》。

 Xinjiang, Apr 7th (Gwadar Pro) - The average unit  yield of cotton in Xinjiang is among the highest in the world. The color, length  and strength of cotton fiber are excellent. Pakistan is a big agricultural  country with plenty of cotton fields. The cooperation potential of China and  Pakistan in the cotton field is particularly large. ”said Chen Quanjia, deputy  dean of Agricultural College, Xinjiang Agricultural University(XJAU) in China.  XJAU has started cotton cooperation with University of Agriculture, Faisalabad  since 2017.

 Dr. Irfan Afzal is a seed expert from Faisalabad  Agriculture University, who is working on cottonseed quality maintenance during  production and harvesting.“Pakistan is struggling for the availability of good  quality seeds in the market. Last year, we had to lower down the certification  standards for the cottonseed quality.”

 According to Dr. Irfan, the germination potential  of Pakistan cottonseed variety is less than 50 %, which is much less comparing  with other countries. “Normally we have a standard of up to 75 % germination.  It's because of lacking in breeding programs.He explained.

 Chen Quanjia believes that the germplasm resources  of China and Pakistan are complementary. “The heat resistance of Pakistani  cotton is very good. For example, 40-degree-temperature that lasts more than a  week will harm the long-staple cotton in Xinjiang. But Pakistan cotton can still  thrive under that condition. This kind of heat-resistant seeds are very valuable  for our research. The high-yield and high-quality traits of our Xinjiang cotton  are also what Pakistan seeds need.”

 “In addition to the exchange of cotton germplasm,  mechanical harvesting and other technologies should also be transferred from  China to Pakistan to save this important cotton crop here,” added Irfan.

 Chen Quanjia told us that the mechanization rate of  cotton plantations in Xinjiang is around 70%, and the rate of mechanization in  the northern area of Xinjiang may surpass 90%. Xinjiang's drought-resistant and  water-saving technologies are also at the forefront of the world. The majority  of cotton fields in Xinjiang adopt drip irrigation and mulching. Pakistan and  China can work together to upgrade our overall agricultural technology.”

       来源:中国经济网http://en.ce.cn/main/latest/202104/07/t20210407_36449758.shtml


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